'Sagittarius on astronomical ceiling at Dendera.'
A winged centaur-like creature portrays the zodiac sign Sagittarius on the astronomical ceiling in the outer hypostyle hall of the Hathor Temple at Dendera. The ceiling consists of seven separate strips but here we are looking at a detail of the upper register of the WESTERNMOST STRIP.
Sagittarius is depicted with two heads, human in front, lion in back. He also has two tails, the upper one being a scorpion's tail, turned back. There are six zodiac signs depicted in the entire westernmost strip (see picture 29585 till 29590) and the other six can be found on the easternmost ceiling strip of the hall (see picture 29526). These signs are of Babylonic-Greek origin and are not found in Egypt before it was conquered by Alexander the Great in 332 BC.
The falcon above Sagittarius is a personification of the planet Jupiter.
Standing on either side of Sagittarius, the two goddesses who have a star above their head are personifications of the third and fourth hour of the night.
On the left a falcon-headed god who is named "Horus, fighter against enemies" is spearing Seth (who is outside the frame of the picture, but see photo 29586). This Horus likely represents one of the circumpolar constellations.
This part of the Dendera Temple was built during the Roman period (first century AD). Photo Mick Palarczyk.