’Outer wall of the castle of Berlanga de Duero.’
Just as Gormaz, 13 km to the west, Berlanga de Duero was a powerful Muslim fortress (alcazaba) that guarded the defensive line along the Duero river against Christian attacks for several centuries. And just as Gormaz it changed hands several times during the Christian Reconquest. Of the original 10th century fortress nothing remains. Here we see the eastern end of the present outer wall which dates from the 13th century. The castle behind it (not visible) is largely from the 15th and 16th century. Photo Mick Palarczyk.