Turkey: Ancient Cultures of Eastern Anatolia - paulsmit
'The Rock of Van.'

	The Rock of Van, on the shore of Lake Van and three kilometer west of the modern city of Van, has been used as a stronghold by the Urartians ( ca. 1000 BC), Armenians and Ottomans. Down, on the left, are the overgrown foundations of the old city of Van which was destroyed during the upheavals of World War I. Photo Mick Palarczyk.