Turkey: Ancient Cultures of Eastern Anatolia - paulsmit
'Yazilikaya rock temple-3'

	The Small Gallery in the Hittite rock temple of Yazilikaya has some fine reliefs dating from the 13th century BC. The image to the right shows the god Sarruma (with high hat) embracing king Tudhaliyas IV, whose head is badly damaged and is hardly visible anymore. To the left is the representation of a large sword, with the hilt formed by four lions: two pointing towards the blade surmounted by a pair that faces to the left and right. The pommel of the sword is in the shape of a god's head, probably Nergal, god of the underworld. Yazilikaya, consisting of natural rock galleries, open to the sky, was the national sanctuary of the Hittite Empire and is located near the Hittite capital of Hattusha (north of Yozgat). Photo Mick Palarczyk.